Knowing About Colorectal Cancer Using Personalized Wall Clocks

If given the opportunity, are you willing to pitch a special event like Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month? This event, typically honored in March and other events, are worthy of being commemorated and promoted so that everybody will know about it. You can make the most of these wall clocks as necessary promotional tools during trade shows or launching days.

Personalized wall clocks are marvelous to use as freebies for special guests and patron. You just need to think of a highly stimulating way to accessorize it so they will look really appealing to your target audiences. Incorporate a significant amount of your business’ personality in order to carry out a really unique look.

Did you know that aside from advertising campaigns, these promotional wall clocks can also be availed of in other functions? They can be used as the attuned gift for any occasion like birthdays, anniversaries, and corporate affairs. You can order a really big batch, have them customized with the event’s most critical details and hand them out as souvenirs or gift items.

Custom imprinted wall clocks are made from highly sturdy materials that can secure its long-lasting quality. Of course, you need to make sure to purchase from the best suppliers in town which are steadfast enough to give you the best products. Ask help from professional advertisers so you can get hints on how best to name promotional items and promotional items suppliers.

Remember that a successful branding campaign is highly dependent on how your promotional items satisfy your customers and clients. If you plan to adopt promotional wall clocks as advertising tools, make sure they can last for a long time. If you are able to secure their overall quality, you can be affirmed that they can provide your target audience the performance they need and deserve.

Wall clocks are very advantageous items that can be used by every individual. Indeed, they are worthy of being used as primary promotional tools. Have you made your choice as to which particularized style you would use in your upcoming announcing campaign?

Three Things About Ovarian Cyst During Pregnancy

Although no less scary, having an ovarian cyst during pregnancy is common. An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that forms in the ovary. They can occur in different sizes and can cause pain, bleeding and swelling. Most of the time they are harmless, but Ovarian cysts can cause miscarriage. A common complaint about an ovarian cyst during pregnancy is the additional pain they can bring.

Many ovarian cysts occur as part of the natural childbearing cycle. During a pregnancy an egg is released and fertilized. For some women multiple eggs are produced, but only one is fertilized. Many times the additional egg will develop into an ovarian cyst. These cysts are considered functional as they are a natural part of the cycle. Functional cysts typically dissolve on their own in a few months.

When cysts grow rather than dissolve they are not considered functional. These larger cyst sometimes begin to twist or even rupture. Ovarian cyst that twist can be extremely painful. As the cysts continue to grow they can even rupture. Pregnancies with these types of cysts are at risk for miscarriage.

Ovarian cancer is also a concern whenever a women has ovarian cysts. Rarely these cysts will develop into the often fatal ovarian cancer. The good news is that an ovarian cyst during pregnancy is not likely to be cancerous. However, have a doctor examine a cyst that does not go away by itself.

Although ovarian cysts during a pregnancy are a serious concern during they are easy to detect. Using an ultrasound or sonogram a doctor can locate the fluid filled sac. Even more, they can determine the size, location and type of cyst it is. A doctor can even determine if the cyst is cancerous.

Although most ovarian cysts go away, some must be removed. Even painful cysts sometimes dissolve. Surgical removal is an option for non functional cysts. A doctor is able to determine if it is necessary.

Cats eye stone planet, meaning, and uses

Ketu is considered as one of the most devastating planet for people, which may lead to many interruptions in lifestyle. To ail its harsh effects in kundli, astrologers recommend wearing cat’s eye stone. Cat’s eye gemstone is also called as lahsuniya in India and it is naturally known as Ketu ratna as well. It is mostly found in the region of India, China, Myanmar, Brazil, etc.

Astrologically, Ketu planet does not have body but it has aggressive nature. It is considered as volatile planet that gives unexpected results or consequences. Hence, it is very important to make prior arrangements, especially for those suffering from its malefic effect. Original cat’s eye stone is one of the apex precautions that are preferred by astrologers.

Cats Eye Stone Benefits

* People wear cat’s eye gemstone to get benefits from ailments such as asthma, skin disease, insanity, cancer, mental trauma, and other similar medical problems.

* Cat’s eye stone is highly beneficial for professionals who are engaged in writing jobs, film direction, doctors, judges, engineers, and scientists.

* Cats eye stone benefits person from unexpected fear or tension which is quite usual for urban lifestyle.

* People engaged in art and cultural field should wear cat’s eye gemstone to flourish their natural talent and get desired result in that field.

* Purchase of cat’s eye stone online also ensures benefits from heart diseases, paralytic attack, urinary problems, hormonal imbalance, arthiritis, backache, and other such illnesses.

* Cats eye stone benefits people from mishap and help to regain health if suffered from accidents. It also protects its wearer from burn injuries, operation injuries, and secret enemies.

* People engaged in show business, gambling, stock market, or any other such activities buy cat’s eye stone for good fortune.

* People who are entangled in any false criminal case or any critical problem should purchase original cat’s eye stone online for quick results.

How to buy cat’s eye stone?

After consulting astrologer, individual can buy cat’s eye stone from any reliable source. If he/ she do not have any trusted place, then buying cat’s eye stone online is the good option. People must wear 1/10th of carat per kilo of weight of individual for effective result i.e. 6 carat stone for 60 kg weighted person. Choose genuine and reliable online stores to buy cat’s eye stone. Sri Lankan cat’s eye stone online is perfect choice for better results to those suffering from its malefic effects in their horoscope.

Want To Get Rid Of Bad Breath? Quit Smoking!

One of the effects that smoking has on you is that it causes bad breath as well as other dental problems. There are several reasons why smoking causes problems with your breath and oral hygiene. While there may be some temporary fixes to banish bad breath, the easiest way to get rid of the bad oral hygiene is to quit smoking.

The main reason for bad breath when smoking is found to be caused by the chemicals found in cigarettes. These are then moved into your mouth, where they can build up. Tar and nicotine easily begin to build up on the mouth surfaces. They can stick to places like the teeth, gums, tongue and side of the cheeks. This causes smoker’s breath to form.

One of the major results of the chemicals in the cigarettes is that it allows bacteria to form in your mouth. The first way in which bacteria is able to stay in your mouth is from these chemicals. When they stay on your mouth’s surface, it allows the bacteria to stick to certain places, giving them a place to thrive.

Another reason why smoking causes bad breath, is because it dries out your mouth. In consequence, this stops the saliva from continuously flowing and cleansing out your mouth. This is what causes the growth of certain types of bacteria in your mouth, which then lead to a continuous odor on your breath. Because the saliva is not able to move as freely, it can’t clean out the bacteria that move through your mouth. These same parts of smoking also cause cavities and yellowing of teeth to form easier.

Another reason why smoking will cause bad breath is because it raises the temperature in your mouth. This causes oral tissue cells to be damaged and killed. These will then not be able to protect the mouth efficiently, causing the bacteria to be able to move into the mouth easier. This may eventually lead to more serious problems with your oral hygiene.

More serious problems with smoking and dental hygiene may include gum disease and oral cancer. This can cause long term effects by someone who smokes. The tobacco that moves into your system causes your immune system to limit how it can fight infection. It also stops the growing of blood vessels. Both of these contribute to one who smokes getting gum disease or oral cancer.

One of the ways that most smokers will get rid of bad breath is by using a certain type of smoke screen gum. This will neutralize the odor causing bacteria on your tongue after you smoke a cigarette. However, this type of gum is usually fairly expensive and does not eliminate the bad breath after you smoke another cigarette. The bacteria is still able to move inside your mouth, and the chemicals that stick to your teeth, gums, tongue and cheeks still remain in place. Most quick remedies that are there for smokers are used for shorter term fixes and are unable to eliminate the complex problems that form in your oral hygiene from smoking.

The easiest way to prevent dental problems and bad breath is by stopping smoking all together. This will begin to change several of the problems that have occurred with bad breath because of smoking. After you quit smoking, the saliva in your mouth is able to move more freely. This will naturally begin to get rid of the extra bacteria that were able to grow in your mouth. The next thing that will happen is the blood vessels and the tissue cells will begin to repair. Nutrients, such as Vitamin C, which were being killed by the bacteria before, will have a chance to repair and build back in your mouth. This is one of the main agents that will fight the bacteria.

Eventually, the chemicals, tar and nicotine that were beginning to stay in your mouth will also be washed away. This will leave no room for the bacteria to stay in your mouth and cause the bad breath. When you quit smoking, your mouth will begin to rebuild the damaged areas. These will not only help to prevent bad breath, but also things such as stained teeth, and more serious problems dealing with gum disease and oral cancer.

Deciding to quit smoking is a choice that will help with your health in many areas, including your oral hygiene. By deciding to quit smoking, your mouth will be able to function better and remain healthy. If you want to eliminate your bad breath or smokers’ breath then deciding to quit smoking is the best way to do it.

Are You Searching For Support Forums Online For Cancer And Other Related Diseases?

According to the National Institute of Health in 2006 approximately 1500 people die each day in the United States due to cancer and about 3400 people are diagnosed with cancer each day. Sadly these stats have only grown higher in the past two years. Cancer and cancer related forums have been a large hub for people to communicate within. These forums allow you to speak about your disease, worries, questions, etc. As well as receive tips and advice from other members of the forum. The communities on these forums are very closely knit, some of the people on the forums are dealing with the disease right now in the present and some have dealt with it in the past. Either way, these forums are a spectacular place to join up and talk to some like minded people about cancer and other related diseases such as Leukemia, Colon, Bone, Brain, Liver, Breast, Kidney and many others.

The categories in which these cancers are available in on these forums varies in several different categories such as common cancers, cancers in women, cancers in men, blood and lymphatic system cancers, skin, digestive, urinary, miscellaneous, etc. Even if you have a really rare cancer, chances are someone on these forums has it or had as well. The forums aren’t just a few small groups of people. Thousands upon thousands of people join these sites, looking for the same support, as you are looking for.

Sometime during your disease you may feel completely alone and scared. But this isn’t something you have to deal with on your own, take a look at the forums below to find a community that you can participate in:

– Ovarian Cancer Inspire: Inspire connects patients, families, friends, caregivers and health professionals for health and wellness support. Inspire works with trusted health

– Gold Bamboo: Skin Cancer Support groups and discussion forums Information

– Cancer Society: Cancer Society Support Forum

– Consumer Health Forums: Please feel free to browse our Health Support Groups on any issue you like. Consumer Health Forums, Physical illness and injury, Cancer

On Top Of Cancer Org: Cancer support forums Cancer bulletin boards, less active (shared experience) – cancer message board, less active

You can also find forums with your specific disease such as Breast, Oral, Prostate as well as forums within your state. Simply go to your favorite search engine and enter in the terms relevant to what you are looking for.

Clean Your Air and Brighten Your Day With Houseplants

Not long ago, indoor air pollution was not considered a health threat; most homes and public buildings leaked so much that air often was replaced every couple of hours. After energy shortages occurred in the 1970s, more and more people began to insulate their houses and office buildings to conserve energy and lower heating and cooling costs. As a result, indoor air might linger for five hours or more allowing pollutants to accumulate. Moreover, synthetic building materials used in modern construction have been found to produce potential pollutants that remain trapped in unventilated buildings. These trapped pollutants can result in what is often called the Sick Building Syndrome.

In the late 1980s, a study by NASA and the Associated Landscape Contractors of America (ALCA) resulted in excellent news for homeowners and office workers everywhere. The study concluded that common decorative houseplants such as bamboo palms and spider plants not only make indoor spaces more attractive, they also help to purify the air. While it’s a well known fact that plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen through photosynthesis, the NASA/ALCA study showed that many houseplants also remove harmful elements such as trichloroethylene, benzene, and formaldehyde from the air. With our ultra modern homes and offices that are virtually sealed off from the outside environment, this study is just as important now as when it was first published.

The NASA study, Foliage Plants for Removing Indoor Air Pollutants from Energy Efficient Homes, was conducted by Dr. B.C. Wolverton, Anne Johnson, and Keith Bounds in 1989. While it was originally intended to find ways to purify the air for extended stays in orbiting space stations, the study proved to have implications on Earth as well.

Under controlled conditions, NASA and ALCA spent two years testing 19 different common house plants for their ability to remove these common pollutants from the air. Of the 19 plants they studied, 17 are considered true houseplants, and two, Gerbera Daisies and Chrysanthemums, are more commonly used indoors as seasonal decorations.

The advantage that houseplants have over other plants is that they are adapted to tropical areas where they grow beneath dense tropical canopies and must survive in areas of low light. These plants are thus ultra-efficient at capturing light, which also means that they must be very efficient in processing the gasses necessary for photosynthesis. Because of this fact, they have greater potential to absorb other gases, including potentially harmful ones.

NASA found that some of the plants were better than others for absorbing pollutants, with certain houseplants found to remove as much as 87 percent of indoor air pollutants within 24 hours. However, all of the plants had properties that were useful in improving overall indoor air quality. NASA also noted that some plants are better than others in treating certain chemicals. For example, English Ivy worked better than some other plants for treating air contaminated with Benzene. The Peace Lily was very effective in treating Trichloroethylene and the Bamboo Palm worked well for filtering Formaldehyde.

After conducting the study, NASA and ALCA came up with the following list of plants most recommended for treating air pollution. Note that all the plants in the list are easily available from your local nursery.

Heartleaf Philodendron – Philodendron scandens ‘oxycardium’
Elephant Ear Philodendron – Philodendron domesticum
Cornstalk Dracaena – Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’
English Ivy – Hedera helix,
Spider Plant – Chlorophytum comosum
Janet Craig Dracaena – Dracaena deremensis ‘Janet Craig’
Warneck Dracaena – Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii’
Weeping Fig – Ficus Benjamina
Golden Pothos – Epipiremnum aureum
Peace Lily – Spathiphyllum ‘Mauna Loa’
Selloum Philodendron – Philodendron selloum
Chinese Evergreen – Aglaonema modestum
Bamboo or Reed Palm – Chamaedorea sefritzii
Snake Plant – Sansevieria trifasciata
Red-edged Dracaena – Dracaena marginata

Here is a list of the pollutants NASA tested for and the plants they found that worked the best for each one:

Trichloroethylene (TCE)

Trichloroethylene is primarily used in the metal degreasing and dry cleaning industries; also in printing inks, paints, lacquers, varnishes, adhesives. In 1975 the National Cancer Institute reported that an unusually high incidence of hepatocellular carcinomas was observed in mice given TCE by gastric intubation and now considers this chemical a potent liver carcinogen.

The NASA study found that the best plants for removing trichloroethylene are the Gerbera Daisy, Chrysanthemum, Peace lily, Warneckei, Dracaena marginata

Benzene

Benzene is a very commonly used solvent and is also present in many common items including inks, oils, paints, dyes, plastics, rubber, dyes, detergents, gasoline, pharmaceutical, tobacco smoke, synthetic fibers. In addition it is used in the manufacture of explosives.

Benzene has long been known to irritate the skin and eyes. In addition, it has been shown to be mutagenic to bacterial cell culture and has shown embryotoxic activity and carcinogenicity in some tests. Evidence also exists that benzene may be a contributing factor in chromosomal aberrations and leukemia in humans. Repeated skin contact with benzene will cause drying, inflammation, blistering and dermatitis.

Acute inhalation of high levels of benzene has been reported to cause dizziness, weakness, euphoria, headache, nausea, blurred vision, respiratory diseases, tremors, irregular heartbeat, liver and kidney damage, paralysis and unconsciousness. In animal tests inhalation of benzene led to cataract formation and diseases of the blood and lymphatic systems. Chronic exposure to even relatively low levels causes headaches, loss of appetite, drowsiness, nervousness, psychological disturbances and diseases of the blood system, including anemia and bone marrow diseases.

The best plants for removing benzene were determined to be English Ivy, Dracaena marginata, Janet Craig, Warneckei, Chrysanthemum, Gerbera Daisy, Peace lily

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a ubiquitous chemical found in virtually all indoor environments. The major sources which have been reported and publicized include urea-formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI) and particle board or pressed wood products used in manufacturing of the office furniture bought today. It is used in consumer paper products which have been treated with UF resins, including grocery bags, waxed papers, facial tissues and paper towels. Many common household cleaning agents contain formaldehyde. UF resins are used as stiffeners, wrinkle resisters, water repellents, fire retardants and adhesive binders in floor coverings, carpet backings and permanent-press clothes. Other sources of formaldehyde include heating and cooking fuels like natural gas, kerosene, and cigarette smoke.

Formaldehyde irritates the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and throat. It is also a highly reactive chemical which combines with protein and can cause allergic contact dermatitis. The most widely reported symptoms from exposure to high levels of this chemical include irritation of the eyes and headaches. Until recently, the most serious of the diseases attributed to formaldehyde exposure was asthma. However, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has recently conducted research which has caused formaldehyde to be strongly suspected of causing a rare type of throat cancer in long-term occupants of mobile homes, where particle board and other sources of formaldehyde are used extensively.

When it comes to removing formaldehyde, the best plant choices are Azalea, Philodendron, Spider plant, Golden Pothos, Bamboo palm, Corn plant, Chrysanthemum, Mother-in-law’s tongue.

Many people feel that the use of houseplants is not needed if they are using an air purifier. However, research has shown that even if you use a HEPA air filter or an ionic air purifier, there is a lot of difference that can still be made by many common house plants, which act as a living air purifier. With the exception of an activated carbon filter, common indoor air filters, such as HEPA or ionizers, will totally miss the toxic household gases, such as carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and volatile organic gases (VOG).

According to NASA, one plant should be used for every 100 to 120 square feet of office or living space and the plants should be in at least six inch containers with nothing covering the potting soil. In addition to removing pollutants in your home or office, plants also make for a more pleasant place to live and work – where people feel better, perform better, and enjoy life more. Here are some of the other benefits from having indoor plants:

Plants are a Source of Oxygen – Plants take in carbon dioxide and produce oxygen through the process known as photosynthesis. The more plants you have, the more oxygen you will receive.

Plants Make You Happy – House plants make people feel calmer and more optimistic, says Bruno Cortis, M.D., a Chicago cardiologist. Interestingly, he says that studies have shown that hospital patients who face a window with a garden view recovered more quickly than those who had to look at a wall.

Plants Fight Fatigue and Colds – According to a University of Agriculture in Norway study, indoor plants can reduce fatigue, coughs, sore throats and other cold-related illnesses by more than 30 percent, partially by increasing humidity levels and decreasing dust.

Plants at the Office – Major corporations and work environments are beginning to catch on that adding plants indoors does wonders for employee health and morale. According to one study published in Rehabilitation Literature, a manufacturing company integrated plants into its office so that no employee would be more than 45 feet from greenery. The result? Company administrators said they noticed enhanced creativity and increased productivity in employees. One popular plant to use in offices is the Dragon Tree plant. Besides being one of the most effective in removing harmful impurities from the air, it’s exotic looks adds character to any room.

It is important to note though that not all plants are good as indoor air cleaners and that some plants are poisonous and should be handled with care, or not at all if you have small children. Some examples of toxic plants include: Nightshade, Creeping Charlie, Foxglove, Oleander, Sago Plant, Privet, Rhododendron, Umbrella Plant, Ivy, Ripple ivy, Sweet Pea, Vinca, Spider Mum, and Poinsettia. Consumers looking for houseplants that purify air should probably steer away from the above named plants if they have young children and indoor pets, as these plants can sometimes be fatal if consumed.

Resources for more information:

http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/ssctrs.ssc.nasa.gov/journal_mas/journal_mas.pdf
http://www.ssc.nasa.gov/environmental/docforms/water_research/water_research.html
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/ssctrs.ssc.nasa.gov/foliage_air/foliage_air.pdf%20

Other sources included:

http://www.coopext.colostate.edu/4DMG/Plants/clean.htm
www.cleanairgardening.com/houseplants.html
http://www.zone10.com/technology/nasa-study-house-plants-clean-air.html
http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/6-22-2006-100164.asp

Do Not Avoid the Dentist Office

As a member of the American Dental Association, it is our goal as your local American Fork Dentistry to help increase the oral health and over-all well-being of every individual by educating all about dentistry, healthy and unhealthy oral habits, as well as increasing people’s confidence through performing dental surgery, teeth whitening, and other cosmetic dentistry. Without knowing, you can do little daily things that may harm or damage your teeth, gums, and overall oral health. American Fork Dentistry emphasizes basic daily health habits that are commonly overlooked like brushing your teeth regularly, daily flossing, visiting your local dentistry every six months, eat healthy foods–not indulging to much on sugars. A dentist at American Fork Dentistry can, for you, regularly remove build up of plaque and tar-tar which decreases your chances of cavities and increases your over-all personal health.

It is very important for dentists everywhere and at American Fork Dentistry, to remove plaque because plaque is the number one cause of tooth decay. Plaque is sticky stuff that forms on your teeth containing bacteria and acids that eat through tooth enamel. Plaque causes gum disease and oral cancer. Failing to brush your teeth regularly with toothpaste leaves food particles on and between your teeth. Lingering food particles cause bacteria to grow that damage your teeth.

Just brushing your teeth doesn’t get the areas between each tooth. Dentistry will teach you to correctly floss to cleans out those difficult areas. Flossing should definitely be a part of your oral health habits. Many people think that flossing takes too long, but dentistry will teach you that flossing can be done quickly after you brush your teeth. Flossing greatly improves your oral health by removing all that plaque between your teeth. Obviously, you need to floss before plaque starts eating away the tooth enamel which it does so easily in that nice snug area between the teeth.

Avoiding the dentists office can also have it’s negative affects. Tar-tar is very difficult to remove and most often can only be removed by the hand of a trained dentist. Regular oral health habits like brushing and flossing won’t remove tar-tar. This is one very good reason to visit your local American Fork Dentistry for a regular oral cleaning. This regular dental care can go a long way for your personal health. You will find that American Fork Dentistry also offers cosmetic dentistry, dental surgery, and teeth whitening which can also improve personal health and well-being. A regular dentistry visit will inform you that healthy eating habits such as choosing foods high in fiber and Vitamin C are essential to maintaining healthy teeth and developing strong bones. An effective dentistry will encourage you to eat a balanced diet because doing so directly affects your oral health. A balanced diet should include plenty of fruits and vegetables–which are healthy for your teeth as well as your whole body.

Too many sweets are the enemy of dentistry because it produces more plaque and causes problems for your teeth. Another enemy of dentistry…Chocolates, candy and sugary sweet foods which help bacteria multiply. Dentistry will inform you that bacteria causes gum disease and tooth decay. By avoiding unhealthy oral choices and maintaining healthy oral habits, such as a regular maintenance visit to your local dentistry, you are doing a service to your teeth and over-all health. American Fork Dentistry will always help you maintain your oral health.

Make your teeth happy and come to your local American Fork Dentistry to improve your oral health and get your questions answered! Also please ask American Fork Dentistry any questions you may have about dental schools.

Vitamin D, E, K Supplements

Vitamin D

Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin that has properties of both a vitamin and a hormone, is required for the absorption and utilization of calcium and phosphorus. It is necessary for growth, and is especially important for the normal growth and development of bones and teeth in children. It protects against muscle weakness and is involved in regulation of the heartbeat. It is also important in the prevention and treatment of breast and colon cancer, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and hypocalcemia; enhances immunity; and is necessary for thyroid function and normal blood clotting.

There are several forms of vitamin D, including vita-min D2 (ergocalciferol), which comes from food sources; vitamin D (cholecalciferol), which is synthesized in the skin in response to exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays; and a synthetic form identified as vitamin D$ , Of the three, vitamin 03 is considered the natural form of vitamin D and is the most active.

The form of vitamin D that we get from food or supplements is not fully active. It requires conversion by the liver, and then by the kidneys, before it becomes fully active. This is why people with liver or kidney disorders are at a higher risk for osteoporosis. When the skin is exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet rays, a cholesterol compound in the skin is transformed into a precursor of vitamin D. Exposing the face and arms to the sun for fifteen minutes three times a week is an effective way to ensure adequate amounts of vitamin D in the body. However, researchers have learned that very dark-skinned people in particular (because the skin pigment blocks the sunlight) and people living in the upper third of the continental United States cannot produce adequate amounts of vitamin D from exposure to the limited available sunlight during the winter months. Adolescents often are also deficient in vitamin D. For many, lack of outdoor exercise and an aversion to drinking milk seem to go hand-in-hand with deficiency.

The benefits of vitamin D include a reduction in the risk of colon polyps and prostate cancer, less coronary artery disease, and a decreased chance of developing type 1 diabetes, plus increased muscle strength and coordination, along with higher bone strength.

Severe deficiency of vitamin D can cause rickets in children and osteomalacia, a similar disorder, in adults. Lesser degrees of deficiency may be characterized by loss of appetite, a burning sensation in the mouth and throat, diarrhea, insomnia, visual problems, and weight loss. In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, there are indications that vitamin D deficiency is much more wide-spread than previously thought, especially in older adults. In a group of people of whom few had risk factors for vitamin D deficiency, 57 percent were found to have below-normal levels of vitamin D. Sixty-seven percent of those reporting a vitamin D intake below the RDI had deficiencies categorized as moderate to severe.

Fish liver oils, fatty saltwater fish (especially mackerel), dairy products, and eggs all contain vitamin D. It is also found in butter, cod liver oil, dandelion greens, egg yolks, halibut, liver, milk, shiitake and chanterelle mushrooms, oatmeal, oysters, salmon, sardines, sweet potatoes, tuna, and vegetable oils. Herbs that contain vitamin D include alfalfa, horsetail, nettle, and parsley.

Vitamin D is also formed by the body in response to the action of sunlight on the skin. Intestinal disorders and liver and gallbladder malfunctions interfere with the absorption of vitamin D. Some cholesterol lowering drugs, antacids, mineral oil, and steroid hormones such as cortisone also interfere with absorption.

Thiazide diuretics such as chlorothiazide (Diuril) and hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, HydroDIURIL, Oretic) disturb the body’s calcium/vitamin D ratio. Taking excessive amounts of vitamin D (over 1,000 international units) daily may cause a decrease in bone mass.
Do not take vitamin D without calcium. Toxicity may result from taking excessive amounts of supplemental vitamin D.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is actually a family of eight antioxidant com-pounds. These consist of four tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) and four tocotrienols (also alpha through delta). The alpha-tocopherol form is the one found in the largest quantities in human blood and tissue. Small amounts of the gamma form are also found.

Alpha-tocopherol acts as an antioxidant in the human body. As an antioxidant, vitamin E prevents cell damage by inhibiting the oxidation of lipids (fats) and the formation of free radicals. It protects other fat-soluble vitamins from destruction by oxygen and aids in the utilization of vitamin A. It protects the low-density lipoproteins (LDL cholesterol) from oxidation as well. Oxidized LDL has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease. It is also known to inhibit blood platelet aggregation (clotting) and has other functions related to the activity of the immune system.

The most common dietary form of vitamin E is the gamma-tocopherol form. However, this form is not taken up by the body in any quantity because the liver selectively incorporates alpha-tocopherol into blood lipoproteins for de-livery to the tissues. About ten times more alpha-tocopherol than gamma-tocopherol is found in the blood. However, the gamma form may have some unique benefits in suppressing colon cancer, according to recent animal studies, making a sufficient amount of dietary vitamin E even more important to good health.

Vitamin E deficiency may result in damage to red blood cells and destruction of nerves. Signs of deficiency can include infertility (in both men and women), menstrual problems, neuromuscular impairment, shortened red blood cell lifespan, spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), and uterine degeneration. People with impaired balance and coordination and/or damage to the retina (pigmented retinopathy) may also be deficient. Individuals with severe malnutrition, genetic defects affecting a liver protein known as alpha-tocopherol transfer protein (alpha-TTP), or fat malabsorption problems such as those caused by cystic fibrosis, cholestatic liver disease, or Crohn’s disease may have a vitamin E deficiency. True vitamin E deficiency is rare, but low intake (lower than required) is relatively common.

One study showed that 27 to 41 percent of people studied had blood levels of alpha-tocopherol less than 20 micro-moles per liter (L), the level below which there appears to be an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Low levels of vitamin E in the body has been linked to both bowel cancer and breast cancer.

The d-alpha-tocopherol form of vitamin E is the most potent, and is the one we recommend. Also, natural sources of vitamin E are better than synthetic vitamin E because natural vitamin E is more available for use by the body than the synthetic form. Synthetic vitamin E is only 67 percent as active as the natural form. Read labels closely. The natural form of vitamin E is listed as d-alpha-tocopherol, r-alpha-to-copherol, d-alpha-tocopherol acetate or d-alpha-tocopherol. The synthetic form is listed as dl-alpha-tocopherol or all-roc alpha-tocopherol (watch out for the / after the d). The synthetic form costs only about half as much as the natural form, but it has significantly less activity, or potency. Some vitamin manufacturers have been known to mix 10 percent natural and 90 percent synthetic vitamin E, then label the product natural. Your responsibility is to check the label and make sure it says 100 percent potency or 100 percent natural
vitamin E.

If you cannot absorb fat, there is a special water-soluble form of vitamin E available from various suppliers.

What about the “esterified” vitamin E, otherwise known as tocopherol phosphate? This is a relatively new product that is being sold as vitamin E. This product is not actually recognized (by the FDA) as being vitamin E and the phosphate form is not natural, nor are there any studies proving that the body even needs this substance. We recommend using only tested products. There are esterified forms of alpha-tocopherol acetate and succinate available and you should use one of these if you want to try ester-E. Ester-E administered by injection may be beneficial in the treatment of tumors (cancer), and while the ester form has no antioxidant activity, it does appear to influence the death of cancer cells through apoptosis (programmed cell death). With this compound, administration by injection is required because the ester form would be converted to plain alpha-tocopherol in the gut and none would be delivered to the tissues.

Vitamin E is found in the following food sources: avocados, cold-pressed vegetable oils (olive, soybean, corn, canola, safflower, and sunflower), dark green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts (almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts), seeds, and whole grains. Significant quantities of this vitamin are also found in brown rice, cornmeal, dulse, eggs, kelp, desiccated liver, milk, oatmeal, organ meats, soybeans, sweet potatoes, watercress, wheat, and wheat germ. Herbs that contain vitamin E include alfalfa, bladderwrack, dandelion, dong quai, flaxseed, nettle, oat straw, raspberry leaf, and rose hips.

The body needs zinc in order to maintain the proper level of vitamin E in the blood. Vitamin E that has oxidized a free radical can be revitalized by vitamin C and enabled to battle additional free radicals, according to Lester Packer, Ph.D., noted researcher and professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California-Berkeley. Adding vitamin E to fats and oils prevents them from becoming rancid. The oxidation of fats is a key factor in the formation of plaque adhering to blood vessel walls.

If you take both vitamin E and iron supplements, take them at different times of the day. Inorganic forms of iron (such as ferrous sulfate) destroy vitamin E. Organic iron (ferrous gluconate or ferrous fumarate) leaves vitamin E intact.

If you are taking an anticoagulant medication (blood thin-ner), do not take more than 200 international units of vitamin E daily. If you suffer from diabetes, rheumatic heart disease, or an overactive thyroid, do not take more than the recommended dose. If you have high blood pressure, start with a small amount, such as 100 international units daily, and increase slowly to the desired amount. If you have retinitis pigmentosa that is not associated with vitamin E deficiency, do not take any supplemental vitamin E.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is needed for the production of prothrombin, which is necessary for blood clotting. It is also essential for bone formation and repair; it is necessary for the synthesis of osteocalcin, the protein in bone tissue on which calcium crystallizes. Consequently, it may help prevent osteoporosis.

Vitamin K plays an important role in the intestines and aids in converting glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver, promoting healthy liver function. It may increase resistance to infection in children and help prevent cancers that target the inner linings of the organs. It aids in promoting longevity. A deficiency of this vitamin can cause abnormal and/or internal bleeding.

There are three forms of vitamin K. The first is vita-min KI (phylloquinone or phytonadione), which comes from plants and makes up your dietary vitamin K. The second is vitamin K/2, a family of substances called menaquinones, which are made by intestinal bacteria and also found in butter, cow liver, chicken, egg yolks, fermented soybean products, and some cheeses. Third, there is vitamin KS (menadione), which is a synthetic, man-made substance.
Vitamin K! is found in some foods, including asparagus, blackstrap molasses, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chicken, dark green leafy vegetables, egg yolks, leaf lettuce, liver, oatmeal, oats, rye, safflower oil, soybeans, wheat, and yogurt. Herbs that can supply vita-min K! include alfalfa, green tea, kelp, nettle, oat straw, and shepherd’s purse. However, the majority of the body’s supply of this vitamin is synthesized by the “friendly” bacteria normally present in the intestines..

Gamma Globulin relevance in medical use

Human blood constitutes of many different substances that play a vital role in keeping the blood fresh and volatile. Blood proteins are also one of such protein found in blood plasma (component of blood) that are responsible of carrying out major body functions like transportation, regulation and to carry out smooth activities of immune system in the human body. The major blood proteins present in human plasma are Globulins, albumin, and fibrinogen. All the plasma proteins are synthesized in liver except for the Gamma Globulin, a sub type of globulin protein.

The globulins are a family of globular proteins that have higher molecular weights and water solubility values than the albumins. Some globulins are produced in the liver, while others are made by the immune system. The normal concentration of globulins in the blood is about 2.6-4.6 g/dL. Globulins are categorized into four categories Alpha 1, Alpha 2, Beta and Gamma Globulins and these can be distinguished from one another using the method of serum protein electrophoresis.

Here let’s discuss about the Human Immune Serum Globulins also called as Gamma globulin. They are also termed as immune globulins or antibodies constitute the major part of plasma globulin proteins. These types of globulins are produced by the mature B cells of the immune system and are used by the body’s defense system against the foreign invaders like bacteria, infections and viruses. These globulins are further divided into five classes IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD and IgE. These globulins play a major role in defending the body against many external attacks so there necessity is crucial in the human body. But every individual must have normal range of Gamma Globulin present in their blood as decreased levels are indicative of an immune deficiency and elevated levels may lead to blood cancers like Multiple Myeloma and certain lymphomas.

Human Immune Serum Globulins or Gamma Globulin are extracted from the healthy donors and are preserved in liquid or powdered state to utilize them in aid to patients with lower level of immunity in their body. They are prescribed in many different forms as per the condition of the patient. There are many medical uses of these globulins which had developed today with latest advancement in technologies in medical world.
Some of the medical uses of Gamma Globulin:
Gamma globulin injections are usually given to the patients in an attempt to temporarily boost their immunity against various diseases or infections. As these globulins are the product derived from human blood, their injections along with blood transfusions and intravenous drug use can pass Hepatitis C to its recipients. Also, its therapy has proven to be a successful therapy for several medical conditions like hepatitis A, measles and the autoimmune disorder Kawasaki disease (abnormal inflammation of the blood vessels) in children. In addition to this gamma globulin therapy can make a kidney donor and recipient compatible regardless of blood and tissue match, and also can boost immunity for people who cannot produce gamma globulins naturally.
However, gamma globulin therapy comes along with a risk of negative side effects. Patients receiving this form of therapy may experience headache, backache, muscle or joint pain, and overall feelings of fatigue or illness. These effects decrease as the body becomes habituated to the therapy. According to researchers these may actually cause a stroke or heart attack in elderly patients with multiple risk factors. However, the Human Immune Serum Globulins packed with goodness can work wonders and act as a firewall against various immune deficiency diseases like HIV, AIDS and cancer etc.

Non Melanomatous Skin Cancer In Ireland

Skin cancer can be divided into two main groups:

Malignant melanoma and
Non-melanoma skin cancer.

Malignant melanoma
Malignant melanoma is the rarest, but most serious form. It affects the pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) found in the skin and can appear as a new mole, or arise from an existing mole on the skin. Malignant melanoma has the potential to spread to other sites or organs within the body but is curable if treated early. Each year about 235 females and 150 males are diagnosed with malignant melanoma in Ireland.

Non-melanoma skin cancers
(Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma)

Non-melanoma skin cancers are far more common but less dangerous than malignant melanoma and rarely fatal. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma frequently appear on sun-exposed skin after many years of exposure. This exposure also causes premature ageing of the skin. Non-malignant skin cancers are easily treated by minor surgery. If left, non-melanoma skin cancers will grow and disfigure – therefore early treatment is recommended. Each year about 7,500 people are diagnosed with non-melanomatous skin cancers in Ireland with 3445 in females, 3889 in males.

Basal cell carcinomas

Squamous cell carcinomas

Solar keratoses (actinic)
Solar keratoses develop on skin which has been damaged by long term sun exposure. Usually many are present and can appear as hard, scaly lumps. Some become unsightly as they slowly grow larger. The skin underneath solar keratoses can vary in colour from a normal fleshy shade to pink or red. Sometimes these skin lesions can become itchy. Common sites are the face, backs of hands, forearms, ears, scalp and neck. Solar keratoses are not skin cancers. However, a very small percentage can develop into a skin cancer in later life. Some specialists regard solar keratoses as precursors to skin cancer, therefore it is important to seek medical advice on treatment.

– Solar keratoses appear as hard scaly lumps on the skin. They may crust but do not heal.
– Solar keratoses can be rough, scaly irregular patches which are easily felt but not clearly seen.
– Often they are not troublesome in anyway but do not heal.
– Some are very troublesome, if present on the lips or nose as they tend to bleed spontaneously.

Solar keratoses are most frequently treated by freezing using Liquid Nitrogen (Cryotherapy) or by applying a treatment cream. Some larger lesions may be removed by minor surgery under local anaesthesia. Treatment is usually carried out on an out-patient basis with the minimum disruption to your daily routine. All treatments aim to cure. The most appropriate treatment depends on the size, site and number of solar keratoses. Solar keratoses seldom recur following treatment but others may develop over the years.

Who is most at risk of developing skin cancer?.

People with very fair skin are most at risk of developing skin cancer. Those who cannot develop a tan are most at risk of malignant melanoma, but everyone is at risk of being sunburnt, especially indoor employees, children and babies. Malignant melanoma is more common in females. Non-melanoma skin cancers are most frequently seen in older age groups and outdoor workers who have a continuous all-year tan. The incidence of skin cancer is rapidly rising in the young adult population.

Are skin cancers treatable?

Both malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers are curable if treated in the early stages. A minor surgical procedure is all that is usually required to remove cancers of the skin. Regular inspection of skin and moles at home helps in recognising any abnormal skin lesions or changing moles. Change in size, shape and colour of a mole are the early warning signs of malignant melanoma, the most dangerous form of these skin cancer, because it can quickly metastasise to other parts of the body. However, if is detected soon after if first develops, it is curable by simple surgical excision. In Ireland, over 375 cases of melanoma are reported each year and up to 60 Irish people will die of this disease.

The most common form of skin cancer in Ireland is basal cell carcinoma BCC, of which over 3,500 new cases are reported each year. These numbers are almost halfed between male and female and the incidence shows a small increase over the past six years. This cancer very rarely spreads to other organs but if left undetected, will continue to grow slowly, and may invade the underlying tissues. Again, this tumour is curable by surgery or radiotherapy. The third type of skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma SCC, which often develops from a solar keratosis or sunspot. If it is not treated early, it may spread to other parts of the body, but is again curable before that occurs by either surgery or radiotherapy. About 600 females and 1,000 males develop squamous cell carcinoma in Ireland each year. The other cancers include those of baso-squamous (mixed) carcinomas and other morphologies.

Sunshine is the single most important causative factor for all skin cancers.

Ultra-violet rays contained in sunshine are known to be harmful and can cause skin cancers. The increase in skin cancers in Ireland has been linked with the desire to have a tan, with repeated sunburn, fair skin types and genetic factors, such as number of moles.

Malignant melanoma is associated with frequent high intensity sun exposure. Whereas non-melanoma skin cancers are caused by long-term exposure to low intensity sunshine. The amount of sun exposure during childhood and frequency of sunburn are now believed to increase the risk of developing skin cancers in adult life. It is therefore most important to protect all children from intense sunshine. Hats, T-shirts and sunscreens are recommended at home, at school and on holiday.

Providing protection against the sun

Sunscreens are vital whenever exposed to strong sunlight, at home as well as abroad. Always reapply sunscreens after water sports, games or exercise. Children play outdoors during the hottest part of the day whilst at school, therefore it is wise to apply an SPF 15+ to your children before they go to school. Emulsions such as Anthelios XL contain aluminium hydroxide and can be used with infants and with highly intolerant skin. ROC make a rnumber of products in the MINESOL™ range, including mineral sunblock cream SPF 40, which is recommended for babies in case of inevitable exposure. This particular 100% mineral screen cream has a pleasant and almost invisible texture. During sunny periods liberal sunscreen application should become a daily routine each morning before dressing or 15 minutes before going out in the sun. Heatwaves in Ireland are not uncommon, therefore sunscreens are useful in handbags and first-aid boxes. It is important to apply sunscreens as recommended by the manufacturer. Most sunscreens identify a sun protection factor (SPF) which can range from SPF – SPF60+. The SPF is calculated by each manufacturer for their own particular product so it is important to remember that SPF may differ between brands of sunscreen. All sun protection factors are based on how long it takes for unprotected skin to burn (average length of time = 10 minutes). For example, if you use SPF 15+ the protection offered would last approximately 2-3 hours i.e. (10 minutes X 15 =150 minutes). The SPF is a rough guide only, therefore care and attention should be given to skin type, the strength of the rays or sunshine, time of day, season and latitude from the equator. Many products including Antherpos or Uvistat Lip screen or MINESOL™ Sun stick SPF 20 offer lip protection especially in people who are prone to recurrent herpes labialitis.

Sunbeds and solariums

Ultraviolet radiation (UVA rays) emitted from sunbeds and solariums is now known to have harmful effects on skin. Suncreams and Lotions such as Uvistat contain chemical agents and titanium dioxide and are UVA protectants. Excessive use of sunbeds can cause rapid ageing of the skin, long term damage and increase the risk of skin cancer. There is no such thing as a safe tan. Many people today use sunbeds to develop or maintain a tan. Some people believe that a suntan from a sunbed is a safe tan. Skin specialists say a tan is a sign of skin damage and advise everyone to avoid the use of sunbeds and solariums. This is especially important for the very fair skinned and persons under the age of sixteen. Likewise, persons with skin cancer or those with a family history of skin cancer should never use sunbeds or solariums.

NMS cancer statistics for Ireland

* Average of 7334 new cases per year, 1994-96: 3445 in females, 3889 in males.

* Average of 40 deaths per year: 10 in females, 30 in males.

* Age-standardised incidence rates about 48% higher in males than females.

* By far the most common type of cancer in both females and males.

* Recorded incidence rates higher in Republic of Ireland (RoI) than in Northern Ireland (NI), by about 16% for females and 26% for males, but this possibly reflects differences in registration practice.

On average each year, 3445 new cases of malignant non-melanoma skin cancer (NMS) were registered in females, 3889 in males, in Ireland as a whole. NMS cases (primarily squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas) were by far the most common category of cancer in both females and males (29% of all malignant cancer cases).

European-age-standardised rates were significantly higher among males than females, by about 48%. On average, females were estimated to have a 1-in-12 chance of developing these cancers by age 74, males a 1-in-8 chance. Median age at diagnosis was 72 years for females and 70 years for males. In the period 1994-96 only 10 deaths among females and 30 deaths among males were attributed to non-melanoma skin cancer each year. This represents about 1 death for every 200 incident cases, reflecting the fact that these cancers are rarely fatal. Reported mortality rates (EASRs) were significantly higher in males than females, by about 370% (95% confidence limits 200-645%), but inaccurate certification of causes of death may possibly contribute. On average, females were estimated to have a 1-in-6600 chance, males a 1-in-1600 chance, of dying from these cancers by age 74.

Comparison of incidence rates within Ireland

Recorded incidence rates of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMS) were significantly higher in RoI than in NI for both males and females. However, these differences may possibly reflect, in part, higher case ascertainment (completeness of registration) in RoI than NI, as a result of a more targeted effort to collate all NMS cases in RoI. Involvement of other factors cannot be excluded however.